Clouds Warriors: The mysterious power of the lost Chachapoya culture

In pre-Columbian America, the Incas had the largest empire and a flourishing civilization. They named their empire Tawantinsuyu, which means “The Four United Provinces,” and they worshiped the Sun God, Inti. Its ruler is believed to be the Sapa Inca, the “Son of the Sun”, an earthly king of divine right.

Inti Raymi: The festival of the Sun in Cusco, Peru.

The Incas had obtained dominance over many of the other peoples in their region, either by conquest or by peaceful assimilation, and had imposed their sovereignty over other religious cults, thus incorporating a large part of western South America into their own empire, Tawantinsuyu.

The cloud warriors of Peru

At 4,000 km upriver you reach the foothills of the Andes in Peru, and there lived the people of the Chachapoya, also famed as “The Warriors of the Clouds.” Ancient sources describe these mysterious people as individuals with lighter skin than other peoples in the region, such as the Incas. Also, they were separated not only by their physical characteristics, but by the unique culture they left behind.

Sarcophagi on a cliff, Chachapoyas, Amazonas-Peru.

The warriors of the clouds were head hunters and used to keep the heads of their enemies as trophies. The term “sarcophagus” first appeared in Greek, where it meant “flesh-eating,” but when it came to the Chachapoya, their deads were not only buried in sarcophagi, but also on the walls of their buildings.
On a cliff in Carajía, Peru, northeast of the city of Chachapoyas, a series of figures with human faces can be seen from afar. The interesting part about these statues is the fact that they are also sarcophagi containing mummified bodies.

The dead among the living

In the vision of this enigmatic civilization, the body and the soul were not considered separately, and being dead actually implied continuing to live in the world of the dead. This was the reason why they built houses of the dead where the mummies of their deceased would be placed.

Massive exterior walls, the eastern facade of the Citadel of Kuélap, Peru.

Its sorcerers were feared throughout Mesoamerica, as it was believed capable of shapeshifting in any type of wild animal and of placing terrible curses on the mummies of the deceased. The Incas feared the Chachapoya mummies, seeing them as the undead who could rise up and cause death to all arrogant or ignorant ― enough to disturb them to the core.

Within the walled city of Kuelap

The most relevant example of Chachapoya sacred landscape can be found in Kuelap where the deads have been buried in the walls of the great construction. Dozens of people are buried there as part of the predilection, and the Warriors of the Clouds had to bury their dead on the high cliffs.

Sacrifice and resistance

The ceremony of the temple also included ritual sacrifice. At Kuelap, archaeologists have found bones of numerous animals that were ritually sacrificed in the temple’s central chamber, as well as evidence of bodies that rot where they had fallen after being violently killed ― enough to prove human sacrificing.

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